What Are the Basic Functions of ATMP Na5 Scale Inhibitor?

ATMP Na5 scale inhibitor is our company’s main product. Products are sold well in various countries and cities around the world. We are also constantly improving and pursuing the development and innovation of more and better products. Strive to bring you a better ATMP Na5. So, do you know the basic functions of ATMP Na5 scale inhibitors?

Collateral and solubilization. The ATMP Na5 scale inhibitor is ionized after being dissolved in water. It produces a molecular chain with a negative charge. It forms a water-soluble complex or chelate with Ca2+. Thereby the solubility of the inorganic salt is increased. It acts as a scale inhibitor.

water treatment industry
water treatment

Lattice distortion. A portion of the functional groups in the ATMP Na5 scale inhibitor molecule are on the inorganic salt nucleus or crystallite. It occupies a certain position. It hinders and destroys the normal growth of inorganic salt crystals. Slowing down the rate of crystal growth. Thereby reducing the formation of salt scale.

Electrostatic repulsion: The ATMP Na5 scale inhibitor is dissolved in water and adsorbed on the crystallites of inorganic salts. This increases the repulsive force between the particles and hinders their coalescence. They are placed in a good dispersion state to prevent or reduce the formation of scale.

We are mainly engaged in reverse osmosis scale inhibitors, especially in the manufacture of this product. The following is the dosing step of ATMP Na5 scale inhibitor. Let’s take a look.

The first time you add the medicine, you should first clear the medicine box. When cleaning, close the drain valve at the bottom of the dosing box. After the water is cleaned, open the drain valve to drain the water. After cleaning twice, start dosing.

Adjust the dosing stroke of the metering pump to turn the metering pump stroke adjustment knob counterclockwise to the corresponding scale.

The dispensing check closes the bottom drain valve of the dosing box, and the amount of PTP-0100 added is calculated according to the effective volume in the dosing box and the actual working output of the metering pump. Add the medicine from the inlet of the dosing box, open the inlet valve and dilute to the highest level mark, and close the filling valve.

Example: ATMP Na5 scale inhibitor feed water flow rate 160m3/ h, metering pump flow rate is 22 L / h, the metering pump stroke is adjusted to 40%, the actual output is 22 L / h × 40% = 8.8 L / h, dosing The effective volume of the box is 600 liters. The volume of PTP-0100 concentrate should be added to the dosing box; turn on the mixing box and stir the motor, stir the ATMP Na5 scale inhibitor evenly, and stop the motor.

Open the metering pump inlet and outlet valves, open the metering pump switch, and add the reagent to the safety filter. After the RO is shut down, the metering pump is turned off.

Regularly inspect the dosing system for leaks and promptly resolve the leak. Check whether the dosing amount of the metering pump is accurate. The drop in the level of the dosing tank is consistent with the calculated amount of the metering pump. If it is inconsistent, calculate and adjust in time.

Monthly record check cycle total water intake and dosing match.

The above is the dosing step for the ATMP Na5 scale inhibitor. Your needs are our ultimate goal and pursuit. Sincerely thank you for reading, I hope you will get some benefits.

The Secret of Water Treatment in Steel Plants

Water treatment chemicals are essential chemical agents in the process of industrial water, domestic water, and wastewater treatment. The use of these chemicals allows water quality requirements to meet standards.

The application of water treatment chemicals is very extensive. Will water treatment chemicals be used in steel production? Let us look at the secrets of water treatment in steel plants.

Use in ironworks

Cooling circulating water treatment chemical for blast furnace and hot blast stove. It includes an open circuit system. Semi-open loop system. Pure water closed loop system and other processes. Blast furnace gas washing water turbid circulation system. Blast furnace slag water circulation system. The blower circulates water to treat the medicament.

Use of steel mills

Oxygen converter flue gas purification sewage treatment agent. The converter indirectly cools the circulating water treatment chemical. Electric furnace net circulation cooling water system. The converter softens the cooling water system. Electric furnace soft water cooling water system. Converter sludge treatment system. Electric furnace vacuum treatment of sewage treatment chemicals.

Use in continuous casting plants

Crystallizer soft water (or demineralized water) closed circuit circulating water system. Secondary cooling of the turbid circulating water system. Direct cooling of the turbid circulating water system. Sludge dewatering treatment agent.

Use in hot rolling mills

Hot-rolled net-circulating water treatment chemical. Hot rolled turbid circulating water treatment chemical. Filter backwash water treatment chemical. Oil-containing emulsion wastewater treatment chemical. Sludge treatment system.

Use in cold rolling mills

Indirect cooling of the open circuit water treatment chemical. Acid and alkali wastewater treatment chemical. Oil-containing, emulsion-containing wastewater treatment chemical. Sludge treatment system.

What is the most suitable water treatment chemical for steel sewage treatment?

Water treatment chemicals are used in wastewater treatment in many industries. The sewage treatment agent is determined according to the nature of the sewage.

For example, the use of chemicals in metal steel sewage treatment agents is generally recommended to use sewage treatment flocculants. An anionic polyacrylamide having a molecular weight of between 1400 and 1600 (million) is used. Industrial grade polyaluminum chloride is used in combination.

Steel wastewater is water from the production of steel and some equipment water, cooling water, washing water and so on. The direct cooling water is in direct contact with the product materials, and contains pollutants, which can be recycled or used in cascade.

The quality of the wastewater produced is different for the production process of the steel plant. In addition, most steelmaking is intermittent production. Therefore, the composition and properties of wastewater are constantly changing with the peak period of smelting and the peak period.

Before the wastewater produced by the steel plant enters the sedimentation tank, it passes through the coarse particle separator equipment. Remove suspended impurities from large particles. Then it is discharged into the sewage sedimentation tank.

The flake alkali or ferrous sulfate product is added to the sewage sedimentation tank according to the water quality of the wastewater. Then, the polymer polyacrylamide product is placed after the pH value is debugged. Finally, the wastewater is flocculated and suspended in the sedimentation tank. Thereby solving the problem of clarification of wastewater.

When processing steel wastewater, a certain proportion of polyaluminum chloride is added before the polyacrylamide product is placed. When the polyaluminum chloride is placed in the sewage, the suspended matter in the water will flocculate the smaller flocs. This produces greater flocculation in the wastewater. Allow the suspension to settle faster. Thereby achieving a better and faster flocculation effect.

Introduction to Chemical Water Treatment Technology in Power Plants

With the domestic unit parameters and capacity, the thermal power unit is continuously improved and the scale is expanded. Chemical water treatment in power plants has also caused great difficulties.

power-plant

The chemical water treatment plant has a corresponding plan in terms of technical methods, equipment layout, process control monitoring, operation and maintenance, and production management.

1. Boiler feed water treatment

Conventional boiler feed water pretreatment is usually a coagulation filtration process. Large thermal power plants clarify processing equipment, mainly mechanical acceleration clarifier mixing. The advantages are a fast response, easy operation control, and large output.

In recent years, frequency conversion technology has been continuously applied to the solidification process to further improve the pretreatment of water quality and reduce manual operations. During the development of the filter, the granular media filtration technology material has undergone a development stage from a slow filter to fast filtration speed and multi-media filter. This has played a role in improving water quality pretreatment.

However, due to the limitation of particulate materials, water filtration equipment, interception capability and filtration speed are greatly limited.

Boiler feed water desalination pretreatment technology, reverse osmosis technology (RO) has become a bright spot. The biggest feature of reverse osmosis is that it is not affected by changes in the quality of raw water.

Reverse osmosis has the ability to remove organic matter and remove silicon. Meet the stringent requirements of large equipment for the content of silicone in water.

Because reverse osmosis removes most of the ionic water (typically about 90%) to reduce the burden on the next step in a desalting ion exchange system. It thus reduces acid and alkali waste emissions. Reducing the salt content of wastewater discharges increases the benefits of economic and environmental plants.

In the demineralization of boiler feed water, mixed bed still plays an irreplaceable role. The development of the mixed bed itself is mainly reflected in two aspects: environmental protection and energy saving.

2. Boiler water treatment

The phosphating furnace technology has been in existence for more than 70 years and now has 70% of the world’s use of furnace drum phosphate boiler water treatment.

Due to the low boiler parameters in the past, boiler water often has a large amount of calcium and magnesium ions. In order to prevent boiler fouling, a large amount of phosphate is added to the boiler water.

Therefore, the pH value of the water furnace is very high, and the problem of alkaline corrosion is particularly prominent.

In this case, coordinated phosphating treatment came into being and achieved a certain anti-corrosion effect. However, with the boiler parameters continue to increase, the phenomenon of “hidden” phosphonates is becoming more and more serious, leading to more and more acid corrosion.

On the other hand, the high parameters of the boiler feedwater system have been used in desalination and condensation polishing systems. Therefore, there is no hardness component of the basic boiler water and the phosphonate treatment. In addition to the main role of preservatives from hardness to pH adjustment.

3. Condensate treatment

At present, most units of 300 MW and above are equipped with high-parameter condensate polishing equipment. However, there are not many real long-running operations for ammonia processing of fine processing equipment.

From an environmental point of view and an economic point of view, to achieve ammoniation operation will be the development direction of future precision processing systems.

In addition, investments in equipment, equipment layout, and process optimization should be considered as far as possible using existing power plant utility systems. Such as reducing the resin regeneration fan and the recirculation pump mixed bed.

As a program-controlled device system, it is installed in the boiler water supply side regeneration device to facilitate centralized management.

4. Circulating water treatment

In thermal power plants with closed circulation cooling, the recycling of cooling water and the stability of water quality are the focus of water treatment. In order to avoid the secondary pollution of the phosphorus-based water treatment agent to the environmental water body, the high-efficiency scale inhibitor dispersant and the multi-copolymer water treatment agent of the low phosphorus and non-phosphorus formula are gradually applied.

Thermal power plants that use open-cycle cooling, especially coastal power plants that use seawater as cooling water, are typically treated with chlorination. However, some power plants use electrolyzed seawater to produce sodium hypochlorite as a fungicide.

5. Sewage treatment

At present, large industrial sewage treatment plants adopt the basic mode of centralized sewage collection and treatment steps. In recent years, two-phase flow of solid-liquid separation technology has been gradually applied.

The technology employs a process of coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, clarification, scraping, scumming, and sludge concentration. So the sediment, suspended matter, algae, solid suspended matter and oil in the water in the same facility are separated.

This treatment technology improves the quality of water, reduces processing costs, and expands the scope of recycling.

Comprehensive Understanding of Water Treatment Chemicals

water treatment industry

Water treatment chemicals are necessary for industrial water, domestic water, and wastewater treatment. After using these chemicals, the water can be reused. Its main role is to control the formation of scale and sludge, reduce foam, reduce data erosion when in contact with water, remove suspended solids and toxic substances in water, deodorize and decolorize, and soften water.

At present, the world’s water consumption has increased rapidly. The formulation and development of various environmental laws (water purification laws), environmental protection requirements are increasingly strict, and the development and development of various types of high-efficiency water treatment agents are fast.

The water treatment chemicals include the flocculating agent, corrosion and scale inhibitors, bactericide, dispersing agent, the chelating agent, oxygen scavenger.

China’s water treatment chemicals were brought to the attention and gradually developed after the introduction of large fertilizer plants in the 1970s. Since then, we have developed a series of water treatment chemicals.

The characteristics of the new water treatment chemicals are as follows.

1. The reaction speed is fast, and it takes only half an hour to several hours to process ordinary industrial wastewater.
2. It has a wide range of effects on organic pollutants and has good degradation effects on difficult to remove organic substances.
3. The process is simple, the input is small, the service life is long, the operation and maintenance are convenient, the treatment effect is ideal, and the micro-electrolysis reactant consumed during the treatment is less.
4. After the micro-electrolysis treatment, the wastewater will form the original ferrous or iron ions in the water, which has better coagulation effect than the common coagulant, no need to add coagulant such as iron salt, and the COD removal rate is high, and will not cause secondary pollution to water.
5, has a good coagulation effect, can effectively remove the color and COD, greatly improve the biodegradability of wastewater.
6. The method can achieve the effect of chemical precipitation and phosphorus removal, and can also remove heavy metals by reduction.

Analyze the opportunities faced by the development of water treatment chemicals in China, and explain the application status of environmentally friendly water treatment chemicals. It is believed that water treatment chemicals will be applied to green water treatment chemicals, multi-component composite water treatment chemicals, and nanomaterials on the basis of continuous innovation of coagulation theory.

The direction of new high-efficiency water treatment chemicals such as microbial flocculants is developing at a high speed.

Here is a description of a natural mineral sewage treatment chemical.

It is based on non-metallic minerals such as composite aluminosilicate. A new product made by a special technical process. It is essentially different from chemically synthesized water treatment agents. Its state is both slurry and powder. The acidity is acidic and the pH is 3-4. The specific gravity of the slurry is 1.5-1.6, and the specific gravity of the powder is 1.2-1.3. The color is gray to dark gray.

The natural mineral sewage treatment chemical has five characteristics: adsorption, ion exchange, catalytic cracking, chemical conversion, and physiological assist ability.

Application advantages:

(1) The most important advantage is the ability to manage all types of refractory, especially toxic, sewage.
(2) A small amount of floating material can be removed.
(3) The flocculation and sedimentation speed is fast, the sediment has low water content, high compactness, and good dehydration, and is easy to be treated by pressure filtration.
(4) The sewage treatment facilities and processes are simple and easy to operate, which greatly reduces the one-time investment in engineering construction, and the operating costs are not high.
(5) The sludge produced by sewage treatment has a synergistic effect as a fertilizer additive because the mineral raw material is originally a heavy fertilizer additive. Thereby completely eliminating secondary pollution.

In the water treatment industry, not only various types of water treatment equipment are widely used, but also water treatment chemicals have made tremendous contributions to various industries.

Water treatment chemicals include corrosion and scale inhibitors, flocculants, reducing agents, fungicides, catalysts, cleaning agents, etc. Each of the agents has its own functions and characteristics.

Effect of Scale Inhibitor on Reverse Osmosis Membrane Components

Reverse osmosis technology is one of the mature desalination technologies in water treatment. In combination with the actual situation and the needs of different water users, a reverse osmosis water treatment system with different processes is formed during the design and use.

reverse-osmosis-membrane-equipment

If the process design is not perfect, improper operation or the addition of chemicals cannot be compatible with water, etc., the water production and water quality of the reverse osmosis system will be reduced, and even the reverse osmosis membrane components will be seriously damaged. Therefore, the protection of reverse osmosis membrane elements is particularly important throughout the design and operation of the system.

The reverse osmosis process is a physical desalination technique. Use the natural penetration phenomenon to exert an osmotic pressure greater than the original water. The molecular separation is carried out by a selectively permeable semipermeable membrane, raw water-insoluble and most of the salts and water.

As fresh water continues to permeate through the membrane, salts and insoluble materials gradually concentrate, and as the concentration factor increases, some insoluble salts may foul. In order to prevent such fouling from occurring, an anti-scaling dispersant is added to the reverse osmosis water to suppress scale formation. Therefore, choosing a good compatibility and a good scale inhibitor selection process is an important issue.

Reverse osmosis scale inhibitors are specially developed for reverse osmosis systems. An effective scale inhibitor prevents fouling of insoluble substances or salts in the water on the surface of the membrane, thereby increasing water production and water quality systems and reducing operating costs.

Reverse osmosis is currently one of the most recognized technologies for the manufacture of desalinated water. Today, power, coal chemical, coking and refining, seawater desalination, food, cosmetics, and other aspects have been unable to break away from reverse osmosis technology.

Reverse osmosis technology is a membrane separation technology, and a roll film is currently widely used. During the operation of the equipment, it is easy to cause biological and chemical pollution of the membrane, which leads to an increase in the water supply pressure and cleaning frequency of the system, a decrease in the water output or the salt rejection rate, and even the membrane element is scrapped in advance in severe cases.

In order to ensure the economical, safe and smooth operation of the RO system, in addition to the reliable design of the device and the selection of components and perfect operation management, it is very important to select the appropriate anti-osmosis membrane special agent to prevent or mitigate pollution.

Commonly used agents for reverse osmosis equipment include scale inhibitors, bactericides, cleaning agents, and scale inhibitors. As the name implies, their main function is to prevent or slow the formation of inorganic scale on the surface of the RO membrane. In combination with the use of fungicides to reduce biofouling, the use of reducing the number of front-end chemicals, reducing the frequency of cleaning, reducing cleaning input, and reducing energy consumption are achieved. Really practical to save costs for the enterprise.

Characteristics of Reverse Osmosis Agents

Within the large concentration range of effective control of inorganic pollution.
Does not form insoluble materials with iron-aluminum oxides and silicon compounds.
Effectively inhibits the polymerization and deposition of silicon.
It is used in a wide range of applications, including reverse osmosis CA and TFC membranes, nanofiltration membranes and ultrafiltration membranes.
Excellent solubility and stability.
The pH value in the water supply range is 5-10.

The control of the dosage in actual use should also be accurate. The larger the dosage is, the better the effect will be. The large dosage will cause fouling of the original membrane.

In order to truly reduce the use of front-end chemicals, reduce cleaning frequency, reduce cleaning input, reduce energy consumption, etc., the actual cost savings for enterprises.

A reverse osmosis scale inhibitor product with stable quality, reliable performance, complete certification, and follow-up service is indispensable, which can bring unexpected benefits to customers during the user’s use.

Polymaleic Anhydride Products Features

Polymaleic anhydride is mainly used to control the scale caused by the precipitation of calcium carbonate, sulfate, phosphate, silicon and iron oxide in the membrane separation system, and also has good dispersing properties for biological slime and solid small particles.

water treatment industry
Water Treatment

The use of this polymaleic anhydride in place of the pretreated softener can reduce the equipment investment in reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) systems, and can extend the system cleaning cycle and extend the life of the membrane to save operating costs. Therefore, the polymaleic anhydride is used by more and more water treatment systems. What are the product characteristics of polymaleic anhydride?

  • (1) can be used in combination with an organic flocculant.
  • (2) can be used to produce drinking water.
  • (3) Effectively controlling the scaling of calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate, barium sulfate and barium sulfate, and the L.S.I value is up to 3.0 without causing scaling.
  • (4) All major reverse osmosis membranes can be used.
  • (5) maintaining a clean reverse osmosis membrane surface by dispersing the blocking particles.
  • (6) The influent pH is valid in the range of 5~9.
  • (7) can be directly added without dilution, or diluted and added.
  • (8) Good resistance to aluminum and iron oxides.

If you want to know more, please call or come to the factory to visit and consult.

The important role of polymaleic anhydride in boiler water treatment.

The use of polymaleic acid in boilers can increase boiler water concentration multiples, reduce boiler blowdown and also save a lot of steam. The use of boiler polymaleic acid can reduce the energy consumption of the plant, ultimately achieving energy savings and reducing equipment operating costs.

  • The use of polymaleic acid in boilers reduces dissolved oxygen in water. Prevent corrosion of water supply systems, steam and condensate systems.
  • The use of polymaleic acid in the boiler can peel off and disperse the original scale layer on the surface of the furnace tube, and inhibit the scale formation; to reduce the formation of deposits to improve the heat exchange effect and the temperature of the superheated steam. The increase in steam generation and steam generation will ultimately increase economic efficiency.
  • The use of polymaleic acid in the boiler can not only effectively improve the quality of superheated steam, but also significantly reduce the content of Na ions and SiO2 in the steam. The boiler polymaleic acid effectively eliminates the entrainment of impurities in the pot water and seriously affects the steam quality and increases the boiler water concentration multiple.

Boiler Polymaleic Anhydride

  • It can effectively control the scaling of calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate and magnesium oxide in the boiler and affect the heating effect of the boiler.
  • more use of non-phosphorus formula, the corresponding environmental protection policy, so that the boiler operation process is safe and pollution-free.
  • It can effectively regulate the water quality including sorghum, high magnesium, high sulfate and high silicon;
  • The scale inhibition effect is not affected by the trivalent Fe in the water.
  • can improve the recovery rate of equipment system operation.

Selection and Use of Fungicides

Water treatment chemicals include flocculants, scale inhibitors, corrosion inhibitors, and bactericides. These Water treatment chemicals remove suspended solids and poisonous things through the water. Controls dirt, forms sludge and reduces corrosion of water-contacting materials. Deodorant disinfection, bleaching, softening, stable water quality and desalting.

The performance of the water treatment chemicals largely determines the operation of the process, the final water quality, and the cost of the enterprise. Therefore, it’s very important to select an excellent water treatment agent manufacturer. Consider a look at the introduction of water treatment knowledge.

A bactericide can be a chemical designed to inhibit the growth of microorganisms like algae in water to stop the formation of microbial slime. Bactericides are often classified into two types: oxidizing bactericides and non-oxidizing bactericides.

Oxidizing bactericides, for instance commonly used chlorine gas, sodium hypochlorite, bleaching powder, etc.; non-oxidizing bactericides have good effects and so are commonly used within the cell wall and cytoplasmic chemicals that will destroy bacteria, like quaternary ammonium salts.

Among the list of quaternary ammonium salts, like Benzalkonium Chloride. many times, it has a number of effects such as sterilization, peeling, and corrosion inhibition. Benzalkonium Chloride has a good prospect and it has been put on to oilfield water and industrial cooling water.

1.Selection and Application of Fungicides

The choice of fungicide relies on water quality, the kind of bacteria, especially the pH value.

As soon as the pH is high, it’s not preferable to use an oxidizing biocide such as chlorine. The higher the pH of the quaternary ammonium fungicide, the better.

When Fe2+ and H2S are incorporated into water, it is not better to use an oxidizing biocide. Otherwise, it will not only increase the quantity of oxidizing biocide but also affect the water quality of sewage treatment.

The bactericide is compatible with other Water treatment chemicals, and the reaction doesn’t cancel each other out. It has good solubility. After adding, it doesn’t affect the water quality. It can not raise the volume of colloidal particles in water, can dissolve water evenly, and is clear and transparent.

Different types of fungicides really should be selected at the same time within the same sewage treatment system in order to avoid bacterial resistance, high toxicity, low toxicity, easy degradation and no polluting the environment.

2. The Addition of Fungicides

Approach to addition: continuous addition and control increase in the volume of bacteria. In addition to intermittent impact dosing, large doses increase kill a large number of bacteria. This requires a variety of the two.

Dosing point: generally found at the far end of the sewage treatment system, for example, the incoming water (prior to tank). In order to ensure the water quality of the water injection, the dosing point is normally set following the filtration in the sewage treatment or the inlet on the water injection pump.

Dosing amount: continuous dosing, the starting concentration is higher, and also the volume of bacteria is controlled, and the relatively low dosing concentration is adopted. Effective concentrations were based upon laboratory evaluation and on-site bacterial analysis. Intermittent impact dosing, regular use of higher concentrations.

The bactericide is sterilized by way of a sewage treatment system. Dosing cycle, dosing amount, dosing time, based on indoor evaluation and on-site bacterial analysis, adjusted by field practice. Bacterial Quantity Monitoring After adding the fungicide, water treatment system ought to be sampled regularly.

As well as the bacteria count in accordance with the conventional method. The dosing method and also the dosing concentration could be adjusted at any time to ensure the sterilization effect of the fungicide.

Do You Ever Realize What Is Water Treatment?

Water treatment methods are the means of improving water quality by means of physical, chemical or biological methods. The objective of water treatment methods is the drinking water which doesn’t match the quality requirements.

water treatment industry

The techniques humans do water treatment may be several years. The methods of water treatment include physical water treatment and chemical water treatment.

Physical methods include filtration by using a number of filter media with different pore sizes. Also, the technique of adsorption, as well as the means of blocking, are utilized. To exclude impurities in the water by adsorption or blocking.

A far more important adsorption method is to adsorption with activated carbon. The blocking method is to pass water through the filter material. To ensure the bulky impurities cannot pass, and thus the water that is clean is got.

Additionally, physical methods include precipitation methods. It really is to let the impurities with smaller specific gravity float on the surface of the water. Or let the impurities with larger specific gravity are deposited underneath. In order to obtain relatively water that is clean.

The chemical method uses various water treatment chemicals to convert impurities into substances which are less damaging to the human being. Or to use water treatment chemicals to focus impurities.

The oldest chemical water treatment solution ought to be the alum. The alum is put into the water. After the impurities within the water are collected, the quantity becomes large. And also the impurities can be taken off with a filtration method.

The minimum standards for water are placed by the environmental protection department. Industrial water have their requirements. The physical properties water are the basic criteria for judging the standard of water.

Including temperature, color, transparency, smell, taste, etc. The chemical properties of mineral water may also be important indicators for judging water quality. Such as its pH, dissolved solids concentration, oxygen content, etc.

Some natural waters have a very total dissolved solids power of up to 1000 mg/l. Canada makes it necessary that the concentration of total dissolved solids in mineral water should not exceed 500 mg / l.

Much industrial water is also important to go to concentrations not higher than 200 mg/l. This type of industrial water is not to be used casually although its physical properties meet the requirements.

In addition, the radioactive element content in water can be a very important characteristic that needs to be monitored.

The goal of water treatment solutions is to improve water quality into a certain standard. There are lots of different types of physical water treatment, chemical water treatment, and biological water treatment based on water treatment methods.

According to the treatment target, there are two major kinds of water supply treatment and wastewater treatment. Water supply treatment includes domestic waters treatment and industrial water treatment. Wastewater treatment includes domestic sewage treatment and industrial wastewater treatment.

There are several kinds of industrial water treatments who are particularly closely connected with thermal technology. They are boiler feed water treatment, make-up water treatment, steam turbine main condensate treatment and circulating water treatment. Water treatment is of great significance to industrial production, product quality, and environmental ecology.